TOWARDS SOCIALIST INDIVIDUALISM?
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TOWARDS SOCIALIST INDIVIDUALISM? book
MARXISM AND THE INDIVIDUAL It is possible to link Gorz's perspective on the individual with 'Marxian individuation'. As Schaff and MacPherson have emphasised Marx was an 'individualist' (Schaff 1970; MacPherson 1962). Indeed, Tucker notes that 'there can be little dispute over whether Marx is an individualist, for he places great value on the achievement of autonomy' (Tucker 1980: 65). It is the failure to recognise that Marx was an individualist that blinds critics to the neo-Marxian originality of Gorz's theory. Cranston, for instance, believes there is a sharp dichotomy between Marxism and existentialism and rejects claims that Marx was concerned with the individual:
Existentialism as it is commonly understood, and certainly as it is expounded by Sartre, entails an extreme form of individualism, whereas Marxism has no more conspicuous feature than its rejection of individualism - its belief that man must be seen in terms of the social whole or the common humanity.