Park Chung Hee (Pak Chonghui) was born on 14 November (the 30th day of the ninth month of the lunar calendar) 1917 in Sangmo-ri, a village in Kumi-myon, Sonsan-gun (county) in the Province of North Kyongsang in South-East Korea. Born to poverty-stricken country folk, he was the youngest child of seven. In the year of Park’s birth, his father, Pak Songbin (1871-1938), was 46 and his mother, Paek Namui (1872-1949), 45.