DOI link for Classroom Observation
Classroom Observation book
The classroom is a behavioral setting, an ecological entity with a life of its own (Sarason, 1982). The data of the classroom itself have the greatest relevance to a child's performance in the classroom. As a result, skill in systematic observation is necessary to obtain critical information for decision making about a child referred for a school learning problem. As McDermott and Hood (1982) reminded us, we need "descriptions of the intellectual task environments faced by particular child ren at particular times in terms of how their concerted behavior helps to organize and is organized by these tasks," descriptions of "what all parties are up to throughout a scene in which intellectual performances are at issue" (p. 244). Careful assessment of children with learning problems requires that we witness the context, with all its complexities and interactions, in which the problematic behavior occurs, as we search for "the determinants of behavior through examination of the individual's transactions with the social and physical environment" (Hartmann, 1984, p. 107).