As Hong Kong was a colony of the United Kingdom before the handover, Hong Kong’s education system closely followed the British ‘elitist’ tradition. The University of Hong Kong, the oldest tertiary educational institution in Hong Kong, was founded in 1911. Until the 1960s, the number of university places was very limited and admissions to university were effectively confi ned to students from higher-income families. In 1963, three existing colleges were expanded and amalgamated to establish the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Thereafter, university enrolment experienced a steady increase during the 1960s and 1970s. In Hong Kong all universities are heavily subsidized by the government through the University Grants Committee of Hong Kong.