In this chapter, I outline my fi rst conceptual tool for understanding the ND related to their intellectuals’ desire to supersede the ‘outdated’ rightleft political dichotomy. It is my argument that right and left is a political division that dates back to the bloody birth pangs of the French Revolution, the most signifi cant modern revolution in Europe. Moreover, the political instinct seeking to transcend right and left is a modernist one, has emerged as a consequence of the two great liberal republican revolutions of the eighteenth century (that is, the American and French revolutions), and leads to the eventual creation of ‘neither right, nor left’ movements and political parties in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.