In Chapter 3 , I introduced the reader to the notion of alternative modernity and sought to distinguish between the modern, postmodern, and premodern periods. I also pointed out that the ‘malaises of modernity’ are central to the ND worldview. In this chapter, I highlight my second conceptual tool for analysing the ND. I argue that the ND represents a species of modernism (that is, the desire of its theorists to forge alternative modernities) and seek to determine whether this analytical model can enlighten us about the ND’s relationship to fascism.