In previous chapters, I highlighted two conceptual tools for analysing the ND related to its profound angst about aspects of modernity: the attempt to supersede the right-left political division and the desire to fi nd revolutionary solutions for the ‘ills’ associated with modernity by seeking alternative modernities. In my second conceptual tool, I argued that the ND is not merely a throwback to ‘anti-modern’ or ‘reactionary’ values. I situated the ND’s quest for alternative political modernity within a broader modernist tendency that has its roots in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. As highlighted in the previous chapter, using Roger Griffi n’s ( 2008 : 15) defi nition, modernism’s

common denominator lies in the bid to reinstate a sense of transcendent value, meaning, or purpose in order to reverse Western culture’s progressive loss of a homogeneous value system and overarching cosmology ( nomos ) caused by the secularizing and disembedding forces of modernization.