Looking back upon the events following independence, there is a natural tendency to concentrate attention upon the political struggles which shattered the high hopes entertained by most of the people of Uganda on 9 October 1962. In fact the immediate post-independence years held no such traumas for the mcgority of the population. Political independence provided a deep feeling of emotional fulfilment, but what people were really looking for was an improvement in their standard of living. The new regime duly announced that it was intent upon achieving economic as well as political independence, but in spite of all Uganda's advantages that was easier said than done. To make an immediate break with the colonial economic pattern was impossible. Obote was determined to keep external borrowing at a minimum, but if Uganda was to earn the money needed for development, it could do so only by exporting the produce the world market needed. Fortunately, this did not mean that food production for internal consumption must suffer. The fertility of the soil meant that food and export crops could be produced in sufficient quantities to meet both the needs of Uganda's own population and the demands of the external market. The balance of trade with a number of countries remained consistently favourable and, in addition, by an arrangement with the USSR made in 1963, Uganda was able to avoid the quota restrictions imposed upon coffee sales to Western markets by exporting coffee to Eastern Bloc countries.