The work to which Obote now devoted himself was the implementation of the Common Man:S Charter, published under his name in December 1969 after it had been submitted for the approval of the annual delegates's conference of the UPC on 24 October. Although it professed to be no more than an attempt to set down in writing a number of farreaching proposals adopted by the annual delegates's conference of the party held in June 1968, it bore all the hallmarks of Obote's authorship. One commentator, Mahmood Mamdani, was of the opinion that what the pamphlet describes as a 'move to the left' was nothing more than a move against the petty bourgeoisie of Buganda, the landowners and traders who were in a position to stir up tribal opposition to the government. Far from introducing socialism, Mamdani argues, Obote was cynically exploiting the idea while deliberately centralizing economic power in the hands of his own governing bureaucracy and converting it into an economic bureaucracy.14 The pamphlet'S vehement condemnation of tribalism and feudalism undoubtedly supports Mamdani's contention that Obote was, if only in part, criticizing the record of Buganda. It is clear, however, that Obote had no intention of creating an undiluted socialist system or even of making a pretence of doing so. He was fully aware that, in the circumstances in which Uganda found itself in 1969, such a programme might well have caused a total breakdown in the economy. Moreover, the fact that the implementation of the Charter did not live up to the high moral stand taken in it by the author is not incontrovertible proof of cynicism on Obote's part. Time did not permit him to put more than a limited number of the provisions of the Charter into effect.