Perhaps the most obvious benefits and opportunities that urban open spaces provide for city living are social benefits-that is opportunities for people to do things, take part in events and activities or just to be. Sometimes these opportunities are undertaken in a solitary capacity and sometimes as part of a familiar or friendship group. On other occasions such opportunities will be as part of a neighbourhood, community or interest group. This chapter discusses social benefits and opportunities under the headings of children’s play, passive recreation, active recreation, community focus, cultural focus and educational opportunities.