Jewsbury, Geraldine (Endsor) (1812–80)
DOI link for Jewsbury, Geraldine (Endsor) (1812–80)
Jewsbury, Geraldine (Endsor) (1812–80) book
Novelist. She was born at Measham, Derbyshire, the fourth of six children of a merchant from Manchester. Her older sister, Maria Jane Jewsbury (afterwards Mrs Fletcher) was herself a successful writer, the author of Phantasmagoria (1824) and The Three Histories (1830). After the death of their mother, Maria brought up and educated her brothers and sisters until her marriage in 1832 when Geraldine took over the household responsibilities. She cared for her father until his death in 1840 and her brother until his marriage in 1853. In 1841 she met Thomas Carlyle and his wife becoming their intimate friend and, thirteen years later, moving to London in order to be near Jane Carlyle. By this time she had already published several novels, including: Zoe: The History of Two Lives, 1845, The Half Sisters, 1848, and Marian Withers, 1851. She was prevented by ill-health from fulfilling her desire to be a journalist, although she occasionally contributed to magazines and was a publisher’s reader for Bentley’s, exercising considerable influence over the choice of books for Mudie’s circulating library. She required novels to have a moral tone with nothing ‘unpleasant’, and subscribed to belief in the ‘eternal importance of love in the financial and popular success of a novel’. Her own books concerned working-class life in northern England, or were historical, with titles including The Sorrows of Gentility, 1856, Right or Wrong, 1859, and Constance Herbert, 1855. But it is as the correspondent and intimate friend of Jane CARLYLE that she is now chiefly remembered.