Johannesburg. 1881 First War of Independence in Transvaal: Kruger
defeats the British at Majuba Hill. 1885 Discovery of gold in Witwatersrand; massive
inﬂux of British immigrants, the Uitlanders. Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of the Cape and President of the De Beers Company, apologist of British imperialism, seeks to dominate Kruger’s Transvaal.