ABSTRACT

In this chapter I will outline how the proposed pragmatist framework relates to the existing literature on nuclear proliferation and how it also fits into the broader realms of IR theory. It should be recalled that this study attempts not only to extend our knowledge of two particular cases of nuclear reversal. It aims equally to bridge the gap between literature in security and strategic studies on the one hand and political theory and IR on the other. It will be shown how an approach that considers the intersubjective negotiation of beliefs and frames to be fundamental to political action, deviates both from the prevalent positivist focus on variables and stark causal mechanisms and from (middleground) constructivist concepts. At the same time, it will become clear that there are many links and points of contact between some existing works and a pragmatist-based approach which allow for theoretical synthesis or complementation.