ABSTRACT

Almost all of the schools of Indian philosophical tradition agree in accepting an ultimate goal (parama puru~artha) of life which signifies complete cessation of all kinds of pain and is variously expressed as svarga,I apavarga,2 mukti,3 vimukti,4 nirvalJa,5 kaivalya6 and mok~a.7 In several schools the nomenclatures vary and the nature of this ultimate goal is conceived differently, although all schools are unanimous in holding a hopeful, perfect and positive conception of the final aim. In fact, this idea is a unique contribution of Indian philosophy to the world of thought. Accordingly, the Vaise~ika system has also posited an ultimate goal, which can be accomplished by knowing the true nature of reals.