What emerges from the foregoing enunciation of Vaise~ika views 'On Knowing and what is to be Known' is summarised here:

• The system of Vaise~ika, propounded by an ancient Indian sage Kal).ada, holds an important place in Indian philosophy not only owing to its realistic standpoint, but also because it deals with the basic human predicament as to how one can both attain material progress (abhyudaya) and accomplish the highest good (niJ:tsreyasa).l

• The Vaise~ika school embarks upon the journey of human understanding with the simple but significant premise of explaining the nature of 'dharma', which is the theme of knowing but is so wide in its scope that it cannot be defined in a precise manner, nor can it be rendered precisely in any other language.2