From Blogosphere to Public Sphere?
DOI link for From Blogosphere to Public Sphere?
From Blogosphere to Public Sphere? book
Can the transnational and global media described in the preceding chapters be evaluated as an emerging, globalised public sphere; or, as many critical commentators argue, should they be viewed as the source of ‘noise’ rather than information which, if not necessarily always ‘rational’ (where rationality is a subjective term) is of some value in the processes of democratisation at both the nation-state and global levels? Part IV will examine how transnational and global media interact with and impact on nation-state public spheres to inﬂuence political processes in democratic and authoritarian states respectively. Here I evaluate the characteristics of satellite and online media against criteria deﬁned by what a global public sphere, should such a thing indeed exist, might be expected to incorporate, as indicated in Habermas’s Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (1989) and subsequent reﬁnements of the concept. The German sociologist’s work has come to deﬁne the standard for a democratic media infrastructure, and while it has been extensively revised in the period since Habermas ﬁrst outlined it in the 1960s, it remains the starting point for discussion of the relationship between media institutions and political processes. Can the model of the public sphere, developed to describe processes and structures of political communication within the nation-states of early modern capitalism, help us to assess the potential contribution of globalised news culture to the evolution of democratic politics world wide?