Fifty years ago, the Italian neo-Marxist Gramsci urged intellectuals to adhere to a "praxis of the present" by aiding "developing progressive groups" to become increasingly conscious of their own actions and situations in the world (quoted in Salamini, 1981:73). This chapter explores what it means to do empirical research in an unjust world. In it I discuss the implications of searching for an emancipatory approach to research in the human sciences. It is written from the perspective of one who believes that, just as there is no neutral education (Freire, 1973), there is no neutral research (Hall, 1975; Westkott, 1977; Reason and Rowan, 1981). Bearing in mind the words of Gramsci, my objective is to delineate the parameters of a "praxis of the present" within the context of empirical research in the human sciences.