The concept of human-environment relations

associated with modern landscape architecture

originates predominantly in the Scientific

Revolution which gradually unfolded over two

centuries from 1500-1700. Before 1500 nature

was experienced in terms of organic relation-

ships, symbolised by the great chain of being

(Lovejoy, 1974) in which existed an interde-

pendence of spiritual and material phenomena

concerned with understanding the meaning of

things rather than with prediction and control.