Any newborn human is the product of interactions that take place before birth. At least two people have to have had something to do with each other. There are family histories and a pre-existing context of emotion and relationships. There may be metaphysical and ethical debate about the status and identity of embryo and foetus. During pregnancy new identifications and relationships are constructed, tried out and worked into, particularly parenthood and particularly, perhaps, motherhood (Baker 1979; Smith 1991; 1994).