This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book discusses the main themes centre on the nature of home-school relationships and the impact of these on children's development and learning. It explores the nature of the learning contexts that home and family represent, through a consideration of roles and relationships as well as incidental and more explicit learning opportunities. This book highlights aspects of family diversity, including those associated with special educational needs and disability. Within educational policy, the terms 'partnership with parents' and 'home-school partnership' have become well-established ways of referring to the ideal relationship that is aimed for. Schools and Local Education Authorities vary in both their policies and the degree of support they provide for the aspect of the teaching role. Parents and teachers each have their own knowledge, understandings and experiences of children's decision-making.