A number of painstaking changes have been undertaken in countries that have conducted public sector reforms. Under new public management, the various roles of government are reconceptualised in a radical manner. One major change is the identification of government as a contractor. From being the source of authority, i.e. government as identical with legal authority, government is approached as the maker of contracts. Chapters 7 and 8 dealt with this role of government as contractor in alternative contracting regimes, in relation to agents or in relation to players in the economy.