In the 1880s, social policy was still largely restricted to the deterrent Poor Law. The twin ideologies of self-help and laissez-faire dominated welfare thinking. Outside the Poor Law, only in relation to schools and factories had there been effective legislation. Even in these areas, coverage was restricted: to women and children in the factories and to elementary education for the working classes in the case of schooling. At the other extreme was housing where the ideology of the market economy, coupled with belief in the rights of property holders, was to delay any real advance until after the First World War.