KING ÷UDDHODANA While iconographic images of Queen MÅyÅ are spread across the Bud dhist landscape, those of the Buddha’s father, King ÷uddhodana, are far and few between. When he does appear, it is usually with Queen MÅyÅ, seated on a throne, listening to her dream being interpreted.2 As we have seen, Queen MÅyÅ’s iconography is associated with two major events in the Buddha’s life that are commemorated at two of his eight pilgrimage sites: his birth at Lumbini and his descent at SÅm kÅ±ya after having preached to her in TrÅyastrim±a heaven. Through out South Asia these eight sites were frequently grouped together in single carvings, with MÅyÅ grasping a tree to illustrate the birth, and three ladders representing the Buddha’s descent from TrÅyastrim±a heaven. ÷uddhodana receives no such iconographic attention nor is he featured at any of the Buddha’s pilgrimage sites, yet he is a larger presence in the texts than the Buddha’s mother. This is not simply a matter of his having lived longer than Queen MÅyÅ.