The concept of reform embraces a wide range of interrelated meanings.1 To deal with the question of reform or reforms in the Morocco in the second half of the nineteenth century, one needs to examine them from two perspectives. First of all, one needs to look at them from the inside, from the perspective of Morocco as a Muslim country. Second, one needs to look at them from the outside, from a purely European perspective. It may be going too far to judge some of the reform proposals proposed by local bodies as being superficial or piecemeal or merely a patch up job.2