ABSTRACT

The ‘International society approach’, which is frequently also referred to as the ‘English school’, has its geographical origin in the academic culture of England and Great Britain. Nevertheless, both the term ‘International society approach’ and ‘English school’ are somewhat unsuited to characterize the body of literature which the present chapter is all about. First, in the UK there are prominent IR scholars outside the English school, such as Steve Smith at the University of Aberystwyth, Chris Brown at the London School of Economics, or Mervyn Frost at the University of Kent at Canterbury. Second, there have always been members and supporters of the English school outside Great Britain, such as Hedley Bull in Australia. This is even more true for the recent attempt to ‘reconvene the English school’ which includes, among others, scholars from North America, Norway, Denmark, Germany, Italy and Australia (Dunne 1998b: 16, n. 56). In the second half of the 1990s the ideas of the English school have made their way even to China (Zhang 2003). Third, there are many British scholars who are theorizing about international society but do not belong to the English school as an academic formation, such as Evan Luard (1976, 1990), Fred Halliday (1992, 1994), and the contributors to a volume co-edited by David Mapel and Terry Nardin (1998).