DOI link for Cognitive distinctions
Cognitive distinctions book
While the psychodynamic theorists consider themselves to be primarily psychotherapists, the cognitive theorists consider themselves to be primarily scientists. Where psychodynamic therapists are concerned with how the mind works, cognitive scientists are concerned more with how the brain works. Unlike the psychoanalysts, cognitive scientists use terms that are more aligned with brain functioning, like processes and mechanisms. LeDoux (1998) observed that “The emphasis on unconscious processes as opposed to conscious content underlies much work in cognitive science” (page 29). Because of its diffuse and varied nature, aspects of cognitive science are included in several other chapters in this book. This chapter will try to focus upon some of its central issues. It has a number of growing points, between which theoretical connections can be made.