Before proceeding with this section, I need to say that organisms do not really have objectives. They are as they are because the way that they are enables them to survive. When I say that plants have ﬂowers in order to attract bees, I am implying that attracting bees is one of their objectives. This is not so. It is simply that plants that happen to have ﬂowers get their pollen transferred. However, it looks as though attracting bees is one of their objectives. It is a convenient lie to say that humans have objectives. I know that it is a lie, but I am going to use it all the same.