The earliest art work, found in a cave north of Verona, Italy, dates from 35,000 years ago (Willan, 2000). In evolutionary time, this is recent. It is a sobering thought that art did not exist before that time. Presumably, the early humans who did this work realised that certain marks and shapes that, by chance, resembled real things, excited them; so they started to create such marks and shapes intentionally. The realisation and decision to make marks and shapes would have been the outer me; so the outer me thought up the idea of art; though, as we shall see, the role of the inner me in both the execution of, and the response to, art is crucial.