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Ministère délégué a la Parité et a l’Égalité Professionnelle (French Ministry of Parity and Professional Equality). DOMINIQUE FouGEYROLLAS-ScHWEBEL is a sociologist and researcher at the Institut de Recherche et d’Information Socio-économique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Travail et Société, Université Paris-Dauphine (IRIS-TS). In 1977-78, she conducted a study entitled Aides et relations familiales at the Institut National de Statistique et d’Études Économiques (INSEE). She is a member of the reading committee of the Cahiers du CEDREF and Cahiers du Genre and coeditor of the collection Bibliothèque du Féminisme (Editions l’Harmattan). In 2000 she participated in a national survey, under the aegis of the Université Paris I, about acts of violence against women in France (ENVEFF). She is coauthor, with Danièle Chabaud-Rychter and Françoise Sonthonnax, of Espace et temps du travail domestique (1985), Famille, travail domestique et espace-temps des femmes (1988), and Le travail domestique et les pratiques de déplacement des femmes et des hommes (1988). She is the author of “De la réclusion au cloisonnement: travail domestique et salariat,” in Le partage du travail: bilan et perspectives, edited by Hervé Defalvard and Véronique Guienne (1998); “L’essor recent de la recherche féministe en France,” in Pluralité et convergences: La recherche féministe dans la francophonie, edited by H.Dagenais (1999); “Mouvements féministes” and “Travail domestique” in Dictionnaire critique du féminisme, edited by H.Hirata et al. (2000); as well as numerous articles, including: “Le contrat social entre les sexes,” Cahiers du Genre-, no. 24 (1999); “Le mouvement féministe français: Quelle force de changement,” Regards sur l’actualite, no. 258 (2000); “La relation de service-Regards croisés,” Cahiers du Genre, no. 28 (2000; she also guest edited this issue). She is coauthor, with Annick Houel and Maryse Jaspard, of “Approche quantitative des violences envers les femmes au travail, quelles analyses privilégier,” Travailler, no. 4 (2000); and, with Elizabeth Brown and Maryse Jaspard, of “Les paroxysmes de la conciliation. Violence au travail et violence du conjoint,” Travail, genre et soctété, no. 8 (2002). ÈLIANE GUBIN is a professor of history at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. She is the author of Bruxelles au XIXs siècle: Berceau d’un flamingantisme démocratique (1979). as well as a number of articles on women and citizenship in Belgium. She is editor of Norme et marginalités: comportements féminins au 19e-20e siècles (1991); coeditor, with Yvan Lamonde, of Un Canadien français en Belgique au XlXè siècle: Correspondance d’exil de L.A.Dessaulles (1875-1878) (1991); with Jean-Pierre Nandrin, of La ville et les femmes en Belgique: Histoire et sociologie, actes de la Journée d’étude organisée par les Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis et l’Université libre de Bruxelles le 12 février 1993 (1993); with Yvonne Knibiehler, of Les femmes et la ville, un enjeu pour l’Europe: Actes du colloque organise a Marseille en mars 1993 (1993); and with Leen Van Molle, of Femmes et politique en Belgique (1998). JACQUES GUILHAUMOU is a linguist and director of research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Telemme) at the Université de Provence. His publications include Langage et ideologies: le discours comme objet de l’histoire (1974); La rhétorique du discours (1981); La langue politique et la Revolution française, de l’événement a la raison linguistique (1989), published in German as Sprache und Politik in der Französischen Revolution (1989); La mort de Marat 1793 (1989); Marseille républicaine (1791-1793) (1992); L’avènement des porte-parole de la République (1789-1792): Essai de synthèse sur les langages de la Revolution française (1998); and La parole des sans: Les mouvements actuels a l’épreuve de la Révolutionfran$aise (1998). He is coeditor, with Michel Glatigny, of Peuple et pouvoir: Études de lexicologie politique (1981-1995); with Denise Maldidier and Régine Robin, of Discours et archives: Expérimentations en analyse du discours (1994);

and, with Geneviève Dermenjian and Martine Lapied, of Femmes entre ombre et lumière: Recherches sur la visibilité sociale, XVIe-XXe siècles (2000). SARAH HANLEY is a professor of history and law and a dean in the College of Liberal Arts at the University of Iowa. She is director of the Society for French Historical Studies and is a member of the executive committee of the American Historical Association, Modern European Section, and member of the U.S. International Commission for Historians. Her publications include The Lit de Justice of the Kings of France: Constitutional Ideology in Legend, Ritual, and Discourse (1983), which was translated into French in 1991. Her essay “Engendering the State: Family Formation and State Building in Early Modern France,” French Historical Studies 16, no. 1 (1989) won the William Koren prize. She is the editor of Les droits des femmes et la loi salique (1994) and author of “The Monarchic State: Marital Regime Government and Male Right,” in Politics, Ideology, and the Law in Early Modern Europe, edited by Adriana E.Bakos (1994). Her essay “Social Sites of Political Practice in France: Lawsuits, Civil Rights, and the Separation of Powers in Domestic and State Government, 1500-1800,” American Historical Review 102-1 (1997) was awarded the American Political Science Association prize. Her most recent publications are “Mapping Rulership in the French Body Politic: Political Identity, Public Law and the King’s One Body,” Historical Reflections 23, no. 2 (1997) and “The Politics of Identity and Monarchic Governance in France: The Debate over Female Exclusion,” in Women Writers and the Early Modern British Political Tradition, edited by Hilda L. Smith (1998). ANN HUGHES is a professor of modern history at the University of Keele, Great Britain. Her publications include Seventeenth Century England: A Changing Culture (1980), Politics, Society and Civil War in Warwickshire 1620-1660 (1987), and The Causes of the English Civil War (1991, 1998). She is coauthor, with Richard Cust, of Conflict in Early Stuart England: Studies in Religion and Politics, 1603-1642 (1989); and of “Gender and Politics in Leveller Literature,” in Political Culture and Cultural Politics in EarlyModem England, edited by Mark Kishlansky and Susan Amussen (1995). She is coeditor, with Richard Cust, of The English Civil War (1997), and, with June Hannam and Pauline Stafford, coeditor of British Women’s History, a Bibliographical Guide (1996). RIVA KASTORYANO is a researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales (CERI), Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques. She is the author of Être Turc en France. Reflexions sur familles et communauté (1986) and La France, l’Allemagne et leurs immigrés: Négocier l’identité (1996), published in English as Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany (2002), and the editor of Quelle identité pour l’Europe?: Le multiculturalisme a l’épreuve (1998). She has also published numerous articles on Turkish immigration, including “Paris-Berlin, politique d’immigration et modalité d’intégration des Turcs,” in Les Musulmans dans la société française, edited by Gilles Kepel and R. Leveau (1988) and “Les émigrés,” in Les Turcs, Orient et Occident, Islam et laïcité, edited by Stéphane Yerasimos (1994). LINDA K.KERBER holds a May Brodbeck Liberal Arts chair and is a professor of history at the University of Iowa. She served as president of the American Studies Association in 1988-89 and as president of the Organization of American Historians in 1997-97. Her publications include Federalists in Dissent: Imagery and Ideology in Jeffersonian America (1970); Women of the Republic: Intellect and Ideology in Revolutionary America (1980-86); History Will Do It No Justice: Women’s Lives in Revolutionary America (1987); Toward an Intellectual History of Women: Essays (1997); and No Constitutional Right to be Ladies: Women and the Obligations of Citizenship (1998). She is coeditor, with Jane De Hart-Mathews, of

Women’s Amertca: Refocusing the Past (19S2-19S7-199l-1995-2000), and, with Alice KesslerHarris and Kathryn Kish Sklar, of U.S. History as Women’s History: New Feminist Essays (1995). MARTINE LAPIED is a professor of modern history at the Université de Provence. Her publications include Le Comtat et la Revolution française: Naissance des options collectives (1996) and “Les positions politiques des femmes avignonnaises et comtadines pendant la Revolution,” in vol. 1 of Les femmes et la Revolution française, edited by Marie-France Brive (1989). She is also coeditor, with François-Xavier Emmanuelli, of La Provence moderne (1481-1800) (1991) and, with Geneviève Dermenjian and Jacques Guilhaumou, of Femmes entre ombre et lumière: Recherches sur la visibilité sociale, XVIe-XXe siècles (2000). She contributed to the volume Hommes de Dieu et Revolution en Provence, edited by Bernard Cousin (1995). CATHERINE LARRÈRE is a philosopher and professor at the Université Bordeaux III-Michel de Montaigne, where she specializes in moral philosophy and politics. She is the author of L’invention de l’écono-mie au XVIIIe siècle, Du droit naturel a la physiocratie (1992) and coauthor, with Raphaël Larrère, of Du bon usage de la nature: Pour une philosophie de l’environnement (1997). She has also written extensively on the political theory of the Age of Enlightenment. She is the author of Actualités de Montesquieu (1999); coauthor, with Christian Arnsperger and Jean Ladrière, of Trois essais sur l’éthique économique et sociale (2001); coeditor, with Catherine Volpilhac-Auger, of 1748, l’nnéede “L’esprit des lois”(1999); and, with Jean Mondot, of Lumières et commerce: L’exemple bordelais (2000). A member of the Société Montesquieu, she is coeditor, with Catherine Volpilhac-Auger, et al., of a new edition of the Œuvres completes de Montesquieu (2000). JEAN-JACQUES MARIE is a historian. His publications include Staline: 1879-1953 (1984); Le Trotskysme (1970), which was translated into Italian (1971), Portuguese, Spanish (1972), Swedish (1973), and published in a Brazilian edition (1990); Trotsky, le Trotskysme et la IVe Internationale (1980); Trotsky (1984, 1998); Vladimir Vissotsky (1989); Les dernier complots de Staline: L’affaire des blouses blanches (1993); Les peuples deportes d’Union soviétique (1996); La Russie, 1856-1956 (1997); Staline Joseph Djougachvili (1998); Le Goulag (1999) and Staline (2001). He is coeditor, with Carol Head, of Les nouveaux procès de Moscou, L’Affaire Guinzbourg Galanskov (1969), and, with Georges Haupt, of Les Bolcheviks par eux-mêmes (1969) HARRIS MEMEL-FOTÊ is an anthropologist and professor emeritus at the Université d’Abidjan in the Ivory Coast. He is a member of the Académie Universelle des Cultures and in 1995-96 held the international chair in the Collège de France, where he delivered the inaugural lesson on 18 December 1995: L’esclavage lignagier africain et l’anthropologie des droits de l’homme (published by the Collège de France in 1996). His publications include Le système politique de Lodjoukrou, une société lignagère a classe d’âge de la Côté d’Ivoire (1980) and L ‘esclavage dans les sociétés lignagères d’Afrique noire. Exemple de la Côté d’Ivoire précoloniale 1700-1920 (1988). He has also written many articles in the fields of social and historical anthropology, including “Les sciences sociales et la notion de civilisation de la femme. Essai sur l’inégalité social des sexes dans les sociétés africaines,” in proceedings of a conference entitled La civilisation de la femme dans la tradition africaine, Abidjan, Ivory Coast, 1972 (1975). He is the editor of Les representations de la santé et de la maladie chez les Ivoiriens (1998) and coeditor, with Bernard Contamin, of Le modèle ivoirien en questions: Crises ajustements, recompositions (1997). On 18 June 1991 he delivered the Marc Bloch Lecture, entitled “Des ancêtres fondateurs aux Pères de la nation,” at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris.