ABSTRACT

Tensions between different groups in the city are neither new nor particularly restricted to processes of globalization. The city is an arena in which different groups are always seeking to advance their interests and protect their position. Sometimes there are tensions within groups. For example residents who are both users of public services and taxpayers have conflicting needs. As users of public services they want a high level of accessible and reliable public services, but as taxpayers who foot the cost of public services they would like to see limits on the amount of taxes that they pay. Similarly, within the business grouping: the concerns of big multinational corporations may not chime with the needs of local family businesses, while footloose companies may have very different place concerns to companies embedded in particular locations. The city is replete with competing interests and both evolving and disintegrating alliances. The city is riven with a series of tensions.