Even though the last decade of the twentieth century was filled with events that have brought issues of race and ethnicity to our front pages and dinner tables, the last century and a half have seen the globally influential effects of the Civil War in the U.S., the colonization of Africa, Asia, and South America, and more recently, the civil disturbances in Los Angeles and the genocidal conflicts in places like Serbia and Rwanda. All of these events have proven the centrality of ethnicity in class warfare and nationalistic struggles in recent memory. These realities and the critical (and not so critical) discourse in academia and the media generated by them have confirmed that both race and ethnicity are more social and political constructs than the results of any biological factors. Therefore, throughout this volume, the terms "race" and "ethnicity" will depend upon the definition considered by each author. For most of the scholars in this text, "race" means a particular people or ethnic group; these scholars also acknowledge that physical differences can be minuscule while the culturally, politically, and socially constructed categories of racial difference are at the core of the issues being examined. Therefore, "race" here will also refer to "ethnicity" in most instances. Each essay explores the significance of the visuality of race in a work of art and what this element indicates about the work's producer, audience, and historical context.