The failed pronunciamiento of July 1936 set loose a lawless and violent
persecution of religion, accompanied by numerous murders and fires. One
of the forces that the revolutionaries wanted to eliminate was the Church.
Although the number of victims was to be exaggerated and the accounts of
the circumstances in which they died distorted, and no matter how far
political prejudices may have influenced the vast literature on this subject,
one has to face a terrible historical reality: where the rebellion failed, for
several months afterwards merely to be identified as a priest, a religious or simply a militant Christian or member of some apostolic or pious organi-
zation, was enough for a person to be executed without trial.