Of all the problems that confronted the Spanish Republic, that of religion

was the most thorny. In a memoir written after the Civil War, Jime´nez de

Asu´a enumerated four major tasks that the Republic could not evade:

military reform (which he characterized as a ‘technical reform’), the Religious

Question (a ‘liberal reform’), the Agrarian Problem (a ‘delayed/late reform’)

and the Regional Problem (a ‘patriotic reform’)1 and, of these, it was the

Religious Question that aggravated tension the most and led to the crisis of

the regime and the Civil War. Indeed, amongst historians and politicians it is a matter over which schools of thought are still bitterly divided.