Education for citizenship is concerned with the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values necessary for citizens to participate meaningfully in society. This chapter will attempt to sketch out what a contemporary adult education for citizenship might look like. We will tackle this by first analysing and deconstructing different historical approaches to citizenship, whether implicit or explicit, within adult education. We will then try to reconstruct an agenda for adult learning for citizenship which draws from this analysis of competing traditions but relates it to more recent educational debates and developments in the context of an increasingly complex and rapidly changing world. As part of this process, we will adopt two central themes: the relationships between the public and the private and the personal and the political.