The task of providing a conclusion to the various themes explored in the preceding

chapters is a complex one. Each of the elements considered might appear rather

discrete, dealt with as they are under such specific categories. Furthermore, the detail

of these phenomena may emerge as being at odds with the historical sweep of the

early chapters and their emphasis on the broader picture. Yet since I believe in

the interconnectedness of the general and the particular and the historical and the

contemporary (not always in conscious or deliberate ways), I want to reverse the

hitherto narrowing focus of my thoughts. I shall broaden out from the specific

circumstances of particular urban ensembles to more general aspects of theory

and design, and finally to speculations grounded in the direct experience of urban

societies. In this direction we move from examples of urban regeneration through

the relationship between urban aesthetics and ethics toward the social purpose of