The Cold War was to dominate US foreign policy from the end of the Second World War until the collapse of the Soviet Union. During this era the battle between capitalism and communism often overshadowed and affected events at home. However, domestic history throughout this period is an area rich in issues, events, ideologies and personalities, an examination of which not only sheds light upon the present-day United States, but also gives a greater insight into the twentieth century’s great ideological struggle and America’s ultimate victory.