Economic development demands and entails profound cultural change, including, often, transformation of the political system, of individual behavior norms, of the culture of work and production, and most fundamentally, modifications in the manner in which society confronts, moulds, propels, and adapts itself to the requirements of technological progress that are the font of economic growth and human development. Anyone studying the process of economic development must appreciate the wide-ranging cultural factors at work in any society. Failure to do so can result in a narrow and mechanistic interpretation of developing societies and the adoption of incomplete policy prescriptions which will, at best, diminish the effectiveness of efforts to achieve further progress.