The Great Pyramid of Giza
DOI link for The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza book
The building of pyramids is essentially an ancient Egyptian phenomenon although there are pyramidal structures elsewhere, notably in the New World but the latter served different functions, had a different shape and the earliest were built at least 1000 years after the last Egyptian royal pyramid. Cheops' pyramid (to use the generally better known Greek form of his name) is not an isolated phenomenon but the apogee of a long line of tomb development that culminates at Giza and which then deteriorates thereafter. The Pyramids of the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties are sorry affairs and the last royal examples of the Eleventh and Twelfth Dynasties not much better. Subsequently the royal burials during the New Kingdom were made at the religious capital, Thebes (modern Luxor) in Upper Egypt. They were hidden in the Valley of the Kings on the west bank, a remote valley still under the guardianship of a pyramid, a natural one known as the 'Lady of the Peak', which rises high above the valley and is sacred to the goddess Meretseger, 'she who loves silence'.