Geographers make much use of the words 'space' and 'place'. School books through to research monographs are littered with these terms. But rarely below degree level are readers made to ask what these terms mean and whether they are synonymous with each other. A large debate opened up in geography towards the end of the 1970s picking up on precisely these issues, and it is the related approaches that this chapter will outline. First, there has to be a little context for the discussion, providing an idea of why the debate opened up in particular ways. The majority of this chapter will be spent exploring arguments that the modern world involves the erosion of place specificity through global forces and a consequent impoverishment of human variety and experience. This chapter will look at how some writers have attempted to distinguish the affective, or emotional, relationship people can have with places in contrast to alienation from increasingly globalised spaces.