People, landscapes and time
DOI link for People, landscapes and time
People, landscapes and time book
Anyone looking around the world can see a vast mosaic of different peoples with different customs and beliefs. This has been the starting point of a whole tradition of cultural geographies, concerned with the landscapes created by different groups in different places. This chapter will outline some of these approaches. In particular it will highlight the material culture of these groups as a process of transforming the environment. It will do this by following the work of the Berkeley school and looking at the commonalities it shares with the Annales school in France and the local history approaches in the UK. In each, geographers have studied the role of different groups in shaping their landscape into characteristic forms or cultural regions, marked by landscapes typical of the group in question. This in turn will raise questions about the relationship of 'culture' to people. The chapter will then look at how we might interpret such landscapes through the idea of a palimpsest. This will bring together the development of landscapes through time and the spatial diffusion of culture - the spread of ideas, practices and techniques. Such issues form the last section concentrating on the movement of cultures between the New and Old Worlds.