In the wake of glasnost, the projects of a number of young Russian architects came

to light that had been produced, allegedly at least, as a form of rebellion against the

authoritarian Soviet State. Two of the better-known proponents of the underground

Paper Architecture movement were Alexander Brodsky and Illya Utkin. In the 1980s,

Brodsky and Utkin ignored laws forbidding them to practise architecture outside the

state system and produced a series of dark etchings of unbuildable fantasy designs.

A recurring theme in their work, and indeed in the work of all of the Paper Architects,

is the dissolution of scale. This chapter traces the origins of their fascination with sub -