ABSTRACT

Emancipation,militarydefeatandReconstructionworkedarevolutionin politicalrelationsandinstitutions.SallyAnderson,anAfricanAmerican fromHenricoCounty,VirginiaandherlawyerC.S.Bundyhopedtousethis totheiradvantage.Inearly1868countyofficialsconvictedAndersonof arsonandsentencedhertohang.AndersonandBundychallengedthe legalityoftheproceedings.BeforeUSCircuitCourtJudgeJohn Underwood,Bundyproducedevidencethatatleastonecountymagistrate, theprosecutingattorneyandthecourtclerkhadswornfidelitytothe Confederacy,therebyrenderingthecourtanditsdecisionsillegalunderthe FourteenthAmendmenttotheUSConstitution.TheVirginiaAttorney GeneralurgedUnderwoodtotumadeafeartosuchappeals.Ifapplied, thesestandardsofloyaltyandlegalitypromisedtoundermineeverycourtin thestate.Unconvinced,Underwood,aleadingfounderoftheVirginia RepublicanParty,freedAnderson.