DOI link for Theoretical Background
Theoretical Background book
Attachment theory was given its first prelim in ary state ment in John Bowlby’s 1958 paper entitled “The Nature of a Child’s Tie to His Mother.” It was fully launched by the first volume of his trilogy on Attachment and Loss in 1969, which was followed by a second volume in 1973. The first two reports of research inspired by Bowlby’s early formu la tion were by Ainsworth (1963, 1964) and Schaffer and Emerson (1964). Since then there has been an increas ing volume of research relev ant to infant-mother attach ment, includ ing research into mother-infant inter ac tion and into early social devel op ment. There is no doubt that the further formu la tion of attach ment theory, as repres en ted in Bowlby’s major works (1969, 1973) was influ enced by this research. In the mean time other state ments of attach ment theory have emerged, some of which (e.g., Ainsworth, 1969, 1972; Sroufe & Waters, 1977) dove tail closely with Bowlby’s evol u tion ary-etho lo gical approach. In contrast, others (e.g., Cairns, 1972; Gewirtz, 1972a, 1972b; Maccoby & Masters, 1970) have attemp ted to assim il ate attach ment theory to other earlier paradigms.