Therapeutic approaches to word-finding deficits
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Therapeutic approaches to word-finding deficits book
In Chapter 1 we reviewed the recent and rapid development of cognitive modelling of normal and impaired language processing. On the virtual heels of that movement, clinicians and scientists interested in rehabilitation began to apply these models to treatment of speech and language disorders (e.g., Howard, Patterson, Franklin, Orchard-Lisle, & Morton, 1985a, 1985b; Nettleton & Lesser, 1991; Nickels, 1992). Much of this chapter will focus on that enterprise because it shows promise of expanding our knowledge of aphasia treatment in significant ways. However, the use of cognitive models to guide treatment is a relatively recent development, and thus we will begin with a brief history of aphasia rehabilitation and factors leading to the current interest in model-based approaches to treatment. Following this, we will discuss applications of cognitive models to therapy, current limitations on this endeavour, and future directions.