PACING OF WARNINGS AND THE FALSE ALARM EFFECT
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PACING OF WARNINGS AND THE FALSE ALARM EFFECT book
Our first experiment serves a variety of functions. Foremost among them is the testing of the experimental paradigm which is then maintained throughout the entire research program. More specifically, it is of vital importance to find out to what extent the procedures are effective in inducing a significant threat reaction, and how to measure it in a reliable way. Furthermore, the effect of canceling the threat should also be obvious and easily ascertained. After all, we ought to keep in mind that false alarms have never before been investigated experimentally. Although Breznitz (1967) was able to demonstrate a clear false alarm effect in the clock paradigm, the manipulation used was not one of calling off the danger, but rather postponing it. The psychological impact of the two can be quite different.