NAIVE VERSUS CYNICAL DANGERS
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NAIVE VERSUS CYNICAL DANGERS book
Earlier in our analysis, the two conditions necessary for a warning system to be functional were specified. They consist of the possibility for objective control over the danger through protective behaviors and sufficient warning time to carry them out. The extent to which such a functional warning system succeeds in carrying out its function depends on a variety of factors such as the degree of protection that can be gained in a particular situation, the cost to receivers of engaging in protective behavior, and their willingness to accept that cost. These in turn are substantially influenced by the credibility of the warning system, a credibility based upon its history of performance as well as extrinsic information about its functioning.