Containment: The CIA Executes
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Containment: The CIA Executes book
From 1946 to 1949 George F. Kennan found himself at the center of a complex of contradictions, many of which he himself was generating. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) had grown out of the fragmented wartime Office of Strategic Services, which President Truman had hastily disbanded on September 20, 1945. Kennan also assigned Policy Planning Staff member Robert P. Joyce as deputy liaison with the CIA. Kennan could, however, support major CIA operations in Italy using that great American advantage—cash. The CIA and the National Security Agency cooperated in developing and organizing the flights of the U-2 high-altitude, long-distance reconnaissance airplane, with twenty-four flights examining the Soviet Union from April 1956 to May 1, 1960. While Kennan was on his mission to Japan he undertook a diplomatic excursion to the Philippines, another interruption in his direction of the Policy Planning Staff and containment, the purpose of which he left unexplained in his Memoirs.