In February 1914, four months after Julian Hawthorne's release from the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary, a prison newspaper was established at the federal prison in Leavenworth, Kansas. As with the Atlanta penitentiary, the new federal prison at Leavenworth was under construction during the period. The federal government had kept prisoners in Leavenworth since the mid-1890s, but they had been housed in an older military prison near the site of the new prison. In comparison to other federal prison newspapers, and certainly in comparison to many state prison newspapers, the new publication at Leavenworth looked more like an outside newspaper. The Foster conviction that the primary goal of prison newspapers ought to be penal reform and that it ought to be pursued in concert led Andrews in 1919 to propose creating a Prison Press Association. The March 1929 issue, for instance, contained articles on the French juvenile court system, Belgian prison reforms, an Australian prison farm, and several on psychiatry.