In the sixties emerged a wave of communes in the United States, which, as it transpired, was the greatest of the twentieth century. Beginning modestly with a handful of communes on the West Coast, it grew to some two thousand communities throughout the United States within its first decade. The new society must abolish alienation, enable people to have control over their own lives, and build communities of human cooperation, lives of mutual relationships between people, which can be realized in "participatory democracy," in the words of the Statement. Journalists and other representatives of the communications media came in droves and gave the event wide publicity in the United States and abroad. The first communes began to appear in California in 1965. The communal movement of the sixties began in the eastern and western coastal regions of the United States, and spread from there to the center of the continent.