ABSTRACT

The early eighties were years of decline for the US communes. During these years very few new communes were founded. In the veteran egalitarian communes such as Twin Oaks and East Wind there was a trend to stabilization and economic consolidation, but it was accompanied by a decrease in the number of members. Activists in the communes also conducted a re-appraisal of their internal social developments. The international relationships of the communes were greatly expanded in the eighties, as a result of the establishment in Israel of the International Communities Desk by Mordechai Bentov. In the early eighties the spiritual movements known as the "New Age" began to proliferate in the United States. The commune was the concept most favored by the creeds of the New Age; they preached the creation of a new communitarianism that would realize the dialectical relationship between individual and community.